The reason for majority of the panic attacks is unclear; hence therapy would differ in every individual. Medicine usage is done for preventing &/or instant allaying of symptoms & generally the chief course of therapy. Moreover, CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy), meditation &/or relaxation, psychotherapy are mostly incorporated to assist in relaxing the body & relieving anxiousness.
When a person is in the midst of a panic attack, instant respite from disquiet symptoms could be attained from soporific type anxiolytic drugs like:
These medications are offered at the onset of medical treatment, though not for lasting usage.
Antidepressant medications mostly aid in preventing anxiety & lower the regularity & acuteness of panic attacks; however they aren’t deployed for instant reprieve at the time of a panic attack.
Commonly chosen antidepressant medicines for panic attack treatment are SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) like:
Such a category of medicines are frequently deemed the foremost course of therapy for panic disorders or panic attacks.
Benzodiazepines are quick-acting antipsychotic medications (effects felt generally within thirty minutes to one hour’s time). The use of these drugs at the time of panic attacks offers rapid respite. But since they are quite habit-forming & having grave withdrawal symptoms hence their cautious and judicious usage is warranted.
Other Panic Attack Treatment Options
For preventative or safeguarding care, psychotherapy provides assistance & aids in minimizing fears. During several situations, this form of therapy could independently help in clearing up the condition.
CBT functions by helping individuals unearth ways of dealing with panic attack symptoms deploying methods like muscle & respiratory relaxation. It basically lays focus on thought patterns & behaviourisms which sustain or trigger panic attacks. Sufferers even are reassured that panic would not be leading to calamitous episodes they are fearful about, as several individuals are petrified that they are experiencing heart attacks or gone crazed.
Exposure therapy is all about exposing the person to the physical feeling of fear in a risk-free & controlled setting, offering the sufferer a chance of learning healthful means to cope with their condition. Hyperventilating, shaking head sideways or withholding breath also might be requested from the patient. Such diverse exercise forms lead to feelings analogous to panic signs. As the person is exposed at regular intervals to his/her fears, he/she becomes lesser fearful of such inner body feelings & would be feeling a heightened control over his/her weakness.
Tips for Preventing Panic Attacks
It is important to give yourself time and not harbour hopes of an express cure as it does take its own time & improvements come slow and steady.
Be lesser harsh towards yourself. Individuals feeling panicky have a tendency of being their own toughest critics.
Comprehend ways of lowering levels of daily anxiety via an array of methods like meditating, exercising or some relaxation methods such as guided imagery or deep inhalations/exhalations.
Steer clear from stimulant types like caffeine, nicotine that are present in coffees, tea, cola & chocolates.